Department of Defense Education Activity

College and Career Readiness Standards: Literacy

Introduction Reading:Foundational Skills

Kindergarten - 5th Grade

These standards are directed toward fostering studentsâ€, understanding and working knowledge of concepts of print, the alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions of the English writing system. These foundational skills are not an end in and of themselves; rather, they are necessary and important components of an effective, comprehensive reading program designed to develop proficient readers with the capacity to comprehend texts across a range of types and disciplines. Instruction should be differentiated: good readers will need much less practice with these concepts than struggling readers will. The point is to teach students what they need to learn and not what they already know to discern when particular children or activities warrant more or less attention.

Note: In kindergarten, children are expected to demonstrate increasing awareness and competence in the areas that follow.

Standards for English Language Arts

How to read the grade level standards