College and Career Readiness Standards: Literacy

Kindergarten - Language

CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1a
Print many upper- and lowercase letters.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1b
Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1c
Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes).
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1d
Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how).
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1e
Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with).
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.1f
Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2a
Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2b
Recognize and name end punctuation.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2c
Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes).
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.2d
Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.

(L.K.3 begins in grade 2)
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.4
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.4a
Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately (e.g., knowing duck is a bird and learning the verb to duck).
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.4b
Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes (e.g., -ed, -s, re-, un-, pre-, -ful, -less) as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5
With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5a
Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5b
Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites (antonyms).
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5c
Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful).
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.5d
Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings.
CCR.ELA-Literacy.L.K.6
Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.

Standards for English Language Arts

How to read the grade level standards