Vicenza High School
Vicenza High School
Design interlinks Italian & American icons and ideas
Piazzas, Basilicas, and "sky soldiers" start to paint the picture of the new Vicenza High School in the Italian town of Vicenza. The site of the new school, Villagio della Pace, meaning "Village of Peace," is a gated housing community for U.S. "Sky Soldiers" of the 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team and their dependents. As part of the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) master plan, the new school will be placed alongside the recently built middle and elementary schools.
Parkhill's task from DoDEA is to design schools to meet forward-thinking learning objectives to include innovation in education, curriculum delivery, the use of technology, and the requirements for sustainability and energy conservation. DoDEA requires schools of the future to be flexible and adaptable, allowing adjustments to new and innovative ways to deliver instruction and meet the needs of all students.
Acknowledging the significance of local Palladian architectural buildings, the high school’s basic tripartite front massing borrows from Palladio’s Loggia Del Capitaniato located across from the Basilica in Vicenza’s City Center. For budget and constructability reasons, ornamentation has been limited. Stone-colored rectangular pilasters form a portico across the building’s main entrance. Echoing Palladio’s tripartite elevation of the Loggia, a smaller tripartite stone-hued accent breaks the front elevation’s yellow stucco as an accented entry piece.
To meet both the client goals and their education specifications, this project team will create a two-level, 114,000-square-foot high school to provide educational and athletic facilities for a 9th through 12th grade population of 354 students. In keeping with local design principles, the primary entrance provides a piazza style gathering space with seating and landscaping that connects the high school physically and architecturally to the existing elementary and middle schools. The designers achieved this by creating a two-story central element that steps down to one story on both ends of the front academic/administrative wing. The high school’s front façade aligns in design with the adjacent middle school to reinforce a cohesive master-planned appearance of a campus of multiple buildings.
Galileo, Maria Montessori, Palladio and Leonardo Da Vinci were just the starting point. In looking through potential imagery, a local Italian architect offered “of course we should highlight inspirational Italian achievements, but since this is a school for the children of U.S. ‘Sky Soldiers,’ can we also find a way to connect them to inspirational U.S. achievements? As an example, Renaissance Italian artist Sandro Botticelli’s “Birth of Venus” inspired American pop artist Andy Warhol’s “Birth of Venus” screen print. Two artists from different periods of time and in different parts of the world found a similar inspiration to help them voice their unique point of views. A stunning similarity in a world of differences emerged.
Among the other inspirations: Astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson; Rita Levi-Montalcini, 1986 Nobel Prize winner for discovery of the nerve growth factor; Leonardo Fibonacci, considered “the most talented Western mathematician of the Middle Ages”; Katherine Johnson, a mathematician whose calculations were essential to the success of the first and subsequent U.S. manned spaceflights; Miuccia Prada, co-CFO and head designer of Prada; Designer Vera Wang, one of America's most prominent fashion designers; Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple and Chairman of Pixar; Frederick Douglass, an eloquent national leader of the abolitionist movement; and Italo Calvino, the most translated contemporary Italian writer ever.
Having wall elements that “teach” was part of an effort to offer opportunities for students to relate to a person or a potential career such as the structural engineer who designs concrete columns or the electrical engineer who designs a proper lighting system. Every effort was made to engage the building user with a potential learning opportunity.
A piazza-like gathering space, state-of-the-art gym and inspiring wall art help draw about 350 students to the new school.